Mostrando las entradas de marzo 22, 2009


In 1626 Tienpont's successor, Peter Minuit, a German, born at Wesel, was appointed Director-General of New Netherland. He bought of the Indians, for the sum of twenty-four dollars, the entire island of Manhattan, and a fort called New Amsterdam was built. The State of New York dates its beginning from this transaction. By their usually honest dealing with the natives the Dutch settlers gained the friendship of the Five Nations, whose good-will was partly on this account transferred to the English colonists later. The Dutch were not only friendly to the red men, but tried to open social and commercial relations with the Plymouth colonists as well. Governor Bradford replied, mildly urging the Dutch to "clear their title" to a territory which the English claimed by right of discovery. 1630-1633. The present State of Delaware soon became the scene of attempts at settlement. De Vries began, in 1632, a colony on the banks of the Delaware, but it was quickly laid waste by th

Poverty 1536-1851

Chronology of Poverty until 1851: 1536: King François I of France bans begging throughout the whole of France. 1596: The first workhouse for the poor is built in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. 1601: British legislators pass the Poor Law Act, providing financial relief to children and the physically handicapped. The act would later be updated in 1795. 1623: Philosopher William Petty, who would lay the basis for modern census-taking, is born in Hampshire, England, as the son of a clothier. 1642: The newly settled Plymouth Colony creates the first poor law in the English-speaking New World. 1651: Philosopher Thomas Hobbes publishes Leviathan, the book for which he is most known. In the book, Hobbes adopts a pessimistic view of the state of human nature, writing that life is nothing more tan “nasty, brutish, and short.” 1750: One of the first almshouses, or ramshackle living spaces designed to house the extremely poor, is built in the United States. 1789: Six thousand French women m